What we do


India


The geographical area of action is localized in the region of West Bengal. Projects and activities of Project for People operatively interested the area of District 24 – South Parganas, a rural area south of the capital, Calcutta.
The inhabitants of these areas have poor access to health services; together with the lack of toilets and drinking water, it contributes to the wide spread of diseases.
The national health system is almost nonexistent. There are no state-sponsored vaccination campaigns that aim to cover the whole area, as there is no preventive medicine.
In the villages are found problems of malnutrition and infection, due to poor sanitation and ignorance of hygiene rules.
Moreover, the monsoon season that regularly causes widespread flooding worsen the situation by increasing the risk of epidemics.
In rural areas there are no public schools. The rate of literacy and school attendance is very low. The condition of childhood is very difficult. Many children suffer from malnutrition and there are no facilities or governmental services that address this problem.
The inhabitants, having very low income and cannot give guarantees, and cannot get loans from banks. The female population of the area is often subject to exploitation, violence and abuse, both within families and society.

Health and Food Safety

During this year were provided health care in 6 dispensaries, paying particular attention to children, maternity and treatment of malnutrition.

A research project was created and published on the incidence in rural areas of chronic disease such as renal failure, hypertension and diabetes, in collaboration with the University of Milan Bicocca.

A Food for Health Project was launched to build a nutrition center and also the provision of services for food safety. Among these, the Nutritional Diet Program, which is a draft estimation of malnutrition, that involves the production of high-calorie foods in powder form. more than 3,000 packs were distributed during the year.

Through a network of awareness that involves 45 local NGOs, were made 12 Nutrition and Health Camps to inform the rural population on the issues of prevention and hygiene, in collaboration with midwives and Italians doctors. 20 toilets were set up.

After the installation of 20 hand pumps for drinking water abstraction, an extensive education program was made  for the proper use of water resources.

Education and Human Rights

Recently the building of the Noorpur school was completed, attended by 400 children. the management and maintenance of the school Patharpratima has been assured, on the delta of Ganges River. the construction of a halfway house was completed near the village of Khadarat.

The center houses orphans, disadvantaged children or those with physical disabilities, who do not have a home or a family support. To them school service is guaranteed.

More than 50 children received care and assistance during the year.

A micro credit program, based on the model of Grameen Bank, was launched, called the Women Peace Council project, which aims to support the process of empowerment of women in social, cultural and intellectual bases, to encourage the women to oppose all forms of violence and social injustice, and fight for the defense of freedoms and rights of women. The program includes training sessions with a reading of national newspapers and local meetings about these issues within the community with particular attention to rural women’s status and opportunities for empowerment of women through specific dynamics of cultural mediation.

Agricultural and economic development

The construction of a bank branch has started in the village of the Microcredit Prosadpur. In addition to the building, more than 3,000 microloans were paid to enable village women to undertake small income generating activities. Professional courses were hold in the field of food production activities, farming and tailoring. Economic Lessons were given in a project on financial literacy and education, with the aim at saving the beneficiaries of microloans.

the project of the dairy factory also continued, which was born of a collaboration between the Italian Consulate in Calcutta, IIMC and an Italian pizzeria in Calcutta. The latter is sold as mozzarella, the factory’s milk is brought by those women who, thanks to micro-credit, were able to buy a buffalo.

Thanks to an efficient system of crop irrigation, the cultivation of rice, dhal, banana, sunflower and vegetables was initiated in the villages of Sunderban area, in ways that ensure the protection of the environment and introduce technological innovations in order to enhance the traditional techniques of subsistence agriculture.


Brazil


The quality of public schools in Salvador de Bahia is considered the worst in Latin America. Over 50% of boys and girls over 10 years old had a study course of less than 3 years. The quality of government service is very poor, teachers are underpaid and classrooms are overcrowded. For this reason, we are witnessing the opening of many private schools that provide a higher quality level, but also cost much more. The public service it is not able to meet the demand, especially in the poorest neighborhoods. Moreover, in the district of Valéria, access to the school is limited by the insufficient capacity of its existing facilities and the excessive cost of transportation to other districts. The dropout rate is very high and the school is not in itself an initial path of life for young people. In the favela Valéria there is only one public primary school. Many children not attending school, spend most of their time on the street, fueling local crime.
Another major problem, always linked to the lack of educational and recreational facilities for the youth of the community, and the lack of correct information about it, is pregnancy early in life. The Brazilian social reality of children living in poor neighborhoods of big cities, made of abandonment, promiscuity, lack of services for children and families has grounds for the occurrence of teenage pregnancies. The underlying causes are often behavioral-psychological, but almost always with deep roots in social reality.

Health and Food Safety

This year, the Project Saude and Sexualidade was created with the aim to train and sensitize adolescents and their mothers of Valéria, on issues of sexuality and health, to tackle the problem of teenage and / or unwanted pregnancy, in addition to sexually transmitted infections, including HIV.

In addition to lectures and seminars, collective debates have been stimulated through the interaction between the involved women, as well as group work and individual interviews with experienced psychologists.

The meetings took place at a new structure specially built and in the in the headquarters of other partner organizations.

The involvement of these institutions has allowed the beneficiaries to be more aware of services available, and has enabled them to conquer new areas, otherwise not accessible.

The project involved the production of an illustrated manual and information materials on the issues. A theater developed and performed by involved girls and mothers  and the show was revived in the schools of Salvador de Bahia to spread and multiply the results achieved.

Education and Human Rights

This year, the support to the School Lar Joana Angelica continued: the restructuring and retraining of the new School Primeiro Passo was specifically initiated.

Awareness in the community has been developed to convey the importance of sending children to school.

The Project Passando a Limpo also continued: through educational teaching, a subsidiary was created by teachers and professionals.

Adapted to the context of the favela texts of Brazilian primary school, it allows children to develop their knowledge of their African descent, in conditions of equality and awareness of their social role.

Various courses of popular music and capoeira Were also carried out, which through the use of percussion instruments, have been aimed at helping children, youth and adolescents to develop capacity for self-expression and learning through the language of music.

These activities have helped to remove the youth from the dangers of the road and delinquency in the area.

Agricultural and economic development

This year, lectures, group discussions and technical studies were organized for the realization of designs and decorations on cotton, the production of greeting cards, jewelry production, soaps and scented candles, footwear sewing and decorating shoes Havajanas.

A space totally dedicated to these activities was set up and equipped, in which the workshops were held.

The courses were taught by Brazilian qualified personnel.

The aim of the activities was to train and have start to work 20 young people, with low income and socially vulnerable, as well as to promote small family entrepreneurship, enabling the production and marketing of craft products on the local market.

The project was a “pilot” phase of a broader intervention, that involves the formation of a stable production unit.

The intention is to improve the quality of living through income generation and awareness, promoting family and social relationships, contributing to fight the problems of violence and unemployment.


Benin


Benin is among the poorest countries in Africa, according to data from the UNDP human development index is equal to 0.459. The area of competence of the project is an isolated region and lacks basic services to the community. The inhabitants, of which 85% illiterate, live in poor conditions due to lack of housing, healthcare facilities and schools. The infant mortality rate is very high. Agriculture is the main activity of the population, but the production of food is insufficient, partly because of shortages during the dry season. Various difficulties related to the abuse and uncontrolled use of land reduces the number of farmers with a consequent decline in negative production. The profits that farmers draw are therefore not sufficient to meet the health needs of children and education. Young people are tempted by the exodus of the district in search of a utopian welfare in the city.
The primary sector is gradually abandoned because it felt so hopeless. Despite this situation, the District of Eng Djèbou is potentially a major agricultural region, known locally as the “breadbasket of Benin” and has valuable features including the existence of arable land and fertile, untapped areas, a volume of favorable rainfall , the existence of important cultivations. Ita Djèbou also an equal potential for farming activities. 
In Benin, the company access to education is very difficult. The poorest families are not able to support studies of children and young people or are unable to reconcile the school with the demands of everyday life. Rural areas, where educational problems are more important, are considered high-risk areas for children, particularly girls.

Health and Food Safety

This year, in order to contribute to health and food security in the area of intervention, Project for People has expanded the agricultural development project started, paying particular attention to the choice of typical local products such as oil palm, cassava, corn, vegetables.

The increase in productivity in the region ensures sovereignty, health and food safety to employees employed in the agricultural cooperative, their families and communities of the 7 surrounding villages.

Were also set up two laboratories for the processing of agricultural food products including gari, and the red oil, which constitute the staple food and local cuisine.

In La Citadelle Center was also built a well and installed a tank equipped with pump system for the distribution of drinking water.

The system allows the water supply in all departments of the center and so the community can benefit from safe water with a significant reduction of infections and diseases.

The launch of new rearing unit has also allowed the community to obtain supplies of eggs and meat, food otherwise difficult to find, with a marked improvement in health of the population, especially of children at risk of malnutrition.

Education and Human Rights

This year, the building of a training center for practical agricultural and livestock farming activities started.

In school, the techniques of cultivation are taught, this offers the opportunity to learn the most appropriate crop management techniques and the subsequent process of selling products.

In total, there are 70 Participants in the 2 cycles, the majority being women.

To meet the needs of orphans, abandoned or needy children a halfway house was launched in Port-Novo.

In the structure, 15 children from the villages in the area were looked after and have had access to proper schooling.

The coordinator is joined in the recreational and educational activities by a local assistant and the program manager of the Child sponsorship program.

They have coordinated and provided to purchase consumer goods necessary for care and education of the children.

In order to promote international cooperation able to enhance the migrants in the process of integration and that produced significant effects in both the country of origin and in the territory of residence, the project included the active involvement of Beninese immigrants in Italy.

Agricultural and economic development

This year, the activities of agricultural cooperatives started at the center, where the Citadelle has been built : organic farming done on 20 acres of land, provided by the City of Sakété.

The farming operations have been expanded with the construction and equipping of new facilities for chickens, pigs and rabbits. The construction of houses for the farmers living in the Citadelle were completed.

A feasibility study has been made to install a photovoltaic system, that allows the supply of electricity throughout the center, both in residential buildings and warehouses, and at the rearing unit.

A pilot microcredit project was also carried out, aimed at 30 women, members of the cooperative, to encourage the growth of small manufacturing and trading activities in the fields of agro-food and farming.

The objective of this program is to improve the economic situation of families, women involved in instilling confidence, respect and awareness of their social role.

After one year, the full amount of the loan was repaid and reinvested in new loans.


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